Following is a definition of terms frequently used in the instrumentation, industrial automation and test & measurement communities.
Zero Adjustment: The ability to adjust the display of a process or strain meter so that zero on the display corresponds to a non-zero signal, such as 4 mA, 10 mA, or 1 V dc. The adjustment range is normally expressed in counts.
Zero Offset: (1) The difference expressed in degrees between true zero and an indication given by a measuring instrument. (2) See Zero Suppression
Zero Point: The electrical zero point where zero millivolts would be displayed. Used in conjunction with the slope control to provide a narrower range calibration.
Zero Power Resistance: The resistance of a thermistor or RTD element with no power being dissipated.
Zero Suppression: The span of an indicator or chart recorder may be offset from zero (zero suppressed) such that neither limit of the span will be zero. For example, a temperature recorder which records a 100° span from 400° to 500° is said to have 400° zero suppression.
Zero Voltage Switching: The making or breaking of circuit timed such that the transition occurs when the voltage wave form crosses zero voltage; typically only found in solid state switching devices.